El Rocío Pilgrimage: A Spectacular Spanish Tradition

by Lorraine Williamson
La Romeria del Rosarío

ANDALUCIA – Spain is a country rich in culture, traditions, and religious celebrations. One of the most extraordinary and vibrant events that take place in Andalucia is the El Rocío Pilgrimage, attracting both locals and visitors alike. This beautiful celebration takes place from 26-29 May this year.

Steeped in history and spiritual significance, this annual pilgrimage captures the essence of Spanish devotion and offers an unforgettable experience. Let’s delve into the captivating history, what to expect, and the must-see attractions of the El Rocío Pilgrimage and Romería.

A journey through history

The El Rocío Pilgrimage traces its origins back to the 13th century when a local hunter discovered a statue of the Virgin Mary in the marshlands near the village of Almonte. This discovery led to the construction of the Ermita del Rocío, a chapel dedicated to the Virgin Mary, which has since become the focal point of the pilgrimage. Over the centuries, the pilgrimage has evolved into a grand celebration of faith and devotion, attracting hundreds of thousands of pilgrims each year.

Ermita del Rocio

What to expect

The El Rocío Pilgrimage is a multi-day event that takes place from 26 May this year, culminating on the second day of Pentecost. At the heart of El Rocío Pilgrimage is the “romería,” which refers to the procession or journey undertaken by the pilgrims. The romería is characterised by a festive atmosphere filled with traditional music, dance, and an overwhelming display of devotion.

Pilgrims, known as “romeros,” arrive from all corners of Spain. They even come from abroad. One of the most striking elements of the romería is the traditional attire worn by the pilgrims. Women don elegant, colourful flamenco dresses with frills and vibrant polka dots, while men sport traditional Andalucian outfits, including wide-brimmed hats, waistcoats, and riding boots. The outfits reflect the cultural heritage of Andalucia and add to the visual spectacle of the pilgrimage.

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Pilgrims on their romería journey on foot, horseback, or in decorated wagons known as “carretas.” Each mode of transportation adds its own charm and flavour to the procession as they traverse the picturesque landscapes of Doñana National Park (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) on their way to the shrine. The rhythmic clip-clop of hooves, the jingling sound of horse tack, and the sight of elaborately adorned carretas create an enchanting ambiance as the romeros make their way towards the Ermita del Rocío. The atmosphere is charged with excitement, joy, and spirituality as the romeros sing traditional songs and play guitars, tambourines, and castanets.

Must-see attractions

During the El Rocío Pilgrimage, several highlights capture the essence of this unique celebration. The Ermita del Rocío stands as the centrepiece, adorned with flowers and candles, and offers a moment of prayer and reflection for pilgrims. The “salto de la reja” is a breathtaking spectacle where the crowd gathers to witness the moment when the statue of the Virgin Mary is carried out of the chapel and paraded through the streets. As the statue emerges, the crowd erupts in applause, cheers, and emotional cries, creating an electric energy that exemplifies the deep devotion and spiritual connection felt by the pilgrims. Furthermore, the procession is accompanied by flamenco dancers, horsemen, and ornately decorated carriages.

The virgin of El Rocio

The village of Rocío

Upon reaching the village of Rocío, the romeros are greeted with a festive atmosphere. The village is transfored into a hub of activity and streets come alive with vibrant colours, as vendors line the thoroughfares offering traditional food, drinks, and handicrafts. Pilgrims and visitors mingle, sharing stories, indulging in local delicacies, and immersing themselves in the joyous ambiance. The celebration continues well into the night with flamenco performances, traditional dances, and lively music that resonates throughout the village, creating an unforgettable experience for all.


The El Rocío Pilgrimage and Romería is an enchanting spectacle that showcases Spain’s rich cultural and religious heritage. Whether you are a resident of Spain or a visitor to this captivating country, this annual event offers a unique opportunity to witness and participate in a deeply rooted tradition. From the historical origins to the vibrant atmosphere, traditional attire, and must-see attractions, the El Rocío Pilgrimage promises an immersive experience that will leave a lasting impression. So, if you can´t make the journey this year, mark your calendars for 2024, don your best flamenco attire, and join the thousands of pilgrims in celebrating faith, tradition, and the spirit of Andalucia. It is sure to be a truly memorable and deeply spiritual experience not to be forgotten.

Also read: Fiestas, ferias, and celebrations in Spain 2023

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