How vulnerable is Spain to the risk of tsunamis?

by Lorraine Williamson

Natural disasters occur all over the world. For many coastal states, the risk of tsunami is a real concern. This is according to the latest report of the WorldRiskIndex, a statistical model developed by the UN to assess the risk of natural disasters for the 193 member countries. In addition, it also reveals the three countries most at risk of a tsunami and Spain’s place in the ranking

The World Risk Research Institute’s report is published annually as part of the WorldRiskReport and is used as a tool to identify the countries most at risk of disaster; to prioritise hazard reduction measures; and also provides a set of recommendations for governments, businesses, and civil society organisations to address the potential harms they may suffer.

The 2023 report highlights the topic of “Risk Inequality”. It provides an analysis of how the poorest and most vulnerable countries are suffering the most from the effects of climate change and other natural disasters.

Top three

According to the WorldRiskIndex report, the Philippines, Indonesia and India are the three countries with the highest risk of a tsunami along their coastline. Their geographical location, at important subduction zones – with shifts of tectonic plates – and seismic activity means that they face a constant threat of such a natural disaster.

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How vulnerable is Spain to a tsunami?

And although Spain is not considered one of the countries with the highest risk of a tsunami, the country is not immune from a tsunami due to its geographical location and relative distance from seismically active areas. Therefore, according to the WorldRiskIndex report, Spain ranks 56th out of 193 countries in the world ranking.

Coastal areas around the world need to be alert

While this report provides important insight into the most vulnerable countries, it also highlights the need for adequate preparedness and risk reduction in all coastal regions of the world.

Investing in early warning systems, developing effective evacuation plans, and building resilient infrastructure are crucial to mitigating impacts and protecting vulnerable communities.

Also read: Andalucia makes tsunami preparations

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