Brexit changed the way Brits can live, work and travel in the EU, but that doesn’t mean living in Spain is off the agenda. We look at the rules around moving to Spain after Brexit.
Spain has been popular with Brits for a long time – the lure of guaranteed summer sun, beautiful beaches and lower prices in bars and restaurants is a distinct pull.
However, Brexit has made moving here – or to another EU country – more complicated.
Yes, you can but as we said above, the rules are stricter and the process more complicated.
Now the Brexit transitional period has finished, Brits cannot stay in an EU country for more than 90 days in any 6-month period. Therefore, within ninety days of your arrival in Spain, you must apply for the appropriate visa or residency.
This rule applies whether you plan on working or not.
There is a list of requirements for UK citizens planning to move to Spain after Brexit. The below is the general information available; however, individual circumstances may vary so it’s a good idea to contact the Spanish Embassy in the UK.
You must not:
Additional requirements may include proof of income of at least £2,000 per month.
If you wish to retire to Spain, then the following conditions apply:
If you want to live in Spain, but not work in the country (for example, your spouse may be employed but you are not), you will need to:
This is not the same as moving to Spain as a retiree.
This is not the easiest route, and as a self-employed worker you will need to register as ‘autonomo’. This involves a monthly fee, payable regardless of how much you earn (new laws are coming in which will see a sliding scale introduced).
There are many steps required. You will have to:
Your prospective employer should submit your visa application to the elegación Provincial del Ministerio de Trabajo e Inmigración (provincial office of the Ministry of Labour) on your behalf.
While this is being processed, you get a copy of the application with the stamp from that office and file number. You can send it to the Spanish embassy as part of your visa application.
It can take up to eight months to process a work permit application. The work permit has to be renewed after one year.
If you plan on working in Spain for a company not based in Spain, you will need:
If you have a student residence card, you can work up to 20 hours a week during your studies in Spain. Your employer must arrange a work permit on your behalf.
You will also need:
You will need to apply for your visa whilst in the UK. If you enter Spain as a tourist, you cannot subsequently apply.
You should submit the visa application within 90 days of your intended travel date.
The Spanish Consulate will require the following documents:
Confirmation should be received within one month and the visa stamped in your passport. You will then be free to travel to Spain as a resident.
The visa will also include your NIE Number.
Visas can be renewed every year until you get permanent residency, which is available after five years in the country.
Living in Spain is worth all the paperwork as many who live here will attest. However, it is no longer the simpler process it once was.
Once here, there are a number of other further activities you will have to do. These include:
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