MADRID – The Ministry of Health has issued a warning of a “moderate risk” of dengue in Ibiza (Balearic Islands) and other parts of Spain. The reason is formed by two cases of autochthonous dengue among six German tourists.
This alert is based on a report published by the Centre for Coordination of Health Alerts and Emergencies (CCAES). A message was sent from Germany last month, warning Spain of six cases of native dengue between May and November last year. Furthermore, one case is confirmed and the other case is probable. The two German tourists were on holiday on the Balearic island during the incubation period, Diario de Ibiza also reports.
As reported by the CCAES, one of the potential carriers of dengue is the Aedes albopictus or tiger mosquito. It is found throughout the Spanish Mediterranean and Balearic Islands, as well as some areas inland and in northern Spain.
However, Public Health explains that the risk of new indigenous cases appearing in Ibiza is considered “moderate”. As such, the vector would mainly experience an active period between the months of May and November. Consequently, the ministry pointed out that the risk of contamination can be reduced by implementing effective “control actions” aimed at reducing the number of these mosquitoes.
What is Dengue?
Dengue is a viral infection mainly transmitted by mosquitoes of the species Aedes aegypti. Moreover, it is common in tropical and subtropical regions. The symptoms can range from mild to severe. And they usually appear 4 to 7 days after the initial infection and lasting up to 10 days. Furthermore, they include:
- High fever
- Severe headache
- Pain behind the eyes
- Joint and muscle pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Swollen lymph nodes
However, in some cases, dengue can develop into a more serious form called dengue haemorrhagic fever, which can be life-threatening. Furthermore, severe symptoms of dengue may include severe abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, rapid breathing, bleeding gums or nose, and fatigue.
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Medical care mainly focuses on relieving symptoms and preventing complications. However, the best way to prevent dengue is to avoid mosquito bites. This can be done by using insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved clothing and trousers and using mosquito nets or screens. In addition, eliminating standing water, where mosquitoes breed, can help reduce the risk of transmission.